Assessment of health-related quality of life in patients with cosmetic abdominoplasty
Malik S, Rashid M, Malik SA, Rehman-Sarwar SU, Khan MI, Bibi N, Khan. Assessment of health-related quality of life in patients with cosmetic abdominoplasty. Am J Med Surg. 2020; 2(3). 6-10.
From the Department of Plastic Surgery at Shifa International Hospital at Islamabad, Pakistan. Received on November 4, 2020. Accepted on November 9, 2020. Published on November 19, 2020.
Abstract: Introduction: Abdominoplasty is one of the top six cosmetic procedures performed. There is scarcity of data regarding the effects of nonpostbariatric (aesthetic) abdominoplasty on various aspects of quality of life so, we decided to assess the effects of abdominoplasty on health related quality of life.
Methods: The study included 82 prospective female patients coming to Plastic Surgery Department with the concern of aesthetic abdominoplasty. The RAND 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey was chosen for measuring the quality of life. Participants filled the questionnaire both preoperatively and postoperatively. The average length of follow-up was 06 months. The difference in the scores shows the change in the quality of life.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 44 ± 9.9 years. The physical functioning score improved from a mean score of 65.91 preoperative to 95.73 postoperative. The variable, Energy showed a significant improvement from baseline 57.81 to follow-up 87.80. Preoperative emotional well-being was boosted from 72.93 to 95.27 after the surgery. The variable of pain showed great resolution. The overall general health was significantly improved from 59.02 to 92.56.
Conclusion: Aesthetic abdominoplasty patients show significant improvement in their quality of life in terms of general health, physical functioning, emotional well-being and energy levels. Cosmetic abdominoplasty has a direct impact on social and psychological well-being of the patients and surely is an indication if a patient’s self-esteem or social life is compromised because of their external appearance.
Keywords: Abdominoplasty, RAND-36.