Spontaneous pneumomediastinum. A case report.

DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/JVX5U

Rodarte CS, Moore JJ. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum. A case report. Am J Med Surg. 2021; 3(1). 1-2.

From the department of Pediatrics at Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota. USA. Received on January 3, 2021. Accepted on January 7, 2021. Published on January 20, 2021.

Abstract: The pneumomediastinum is an unusual complication of respiratory infections in immunocompromised patients and may be associated with opportunistic pneumonia.

We describe the case of a child with a medical history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia diagnosis, undergoing chemotherapy, and presenting a respiratory distress due to a pneumomediastinum.  Etiological investigations identified a cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia.

The spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a rare cause of respiratory distress in immunocompromised children.

Keywords: cytomegalovirus pneumonia, immunocompromised child, pneumomediastinum.